X. Bathing

Entered September 2017

X. Bathers


Whereabouts unknown

Material unknown

Measurements unknown



A Lady Bathing



François Germain Aliamet after “Watteau,” Bathing, 1755, engraving.


The painting and its pendant, The Bathers, were engraved in reverse by François Germain Aliamet (1734-1787) in October 1775 for the London publisher John Boydell. At the lower left it states “Watteau pinxit.”



London(?), collection of William Ponsonby, 2nd Earl of Bessborough (1704–1793. The Earl’s ownership is stated on Aliamet’s engraving. The picture passed by descent in his family.

West Hill, Wandswoth, collection of the John George Brabazon Ponsonby, 5th Earl of Bessborough; his sale, London, Christie’s, July 10, 1850, lot 169: “Watteau . . . . Figures, in a landscape; and a lady bathing—a pair.” Sold for £23.12.6 the pair according to an annotated copy of the sale catalogue in the Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie.

Collection of E. Bolton in 1927. This provenance comes from Sir Robert Witt, as noted by Ingersoll-Smouse.



Ottley, Notices of Engravers (1831), “Aliamet.”

Dacier, Vuaflart, and Hérold, Jean de Jullienne et les graveurs (1921-29), 1: p. 266, cat. 317.

Ingersoll-Smouse, Pater (1928), under cat. 304.



This picture and its pendant are not by Watteau as was claimed in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries but are by his pupil, Jean-Baptiste Pater or his shop. This was recognized by Dacier, Vuaflart, and Hérold, and by Ingersoll-Smouse.

In all likelihood, this painting and its pendant appeared under Watteau’s name in one or more of the London eighteenth-century sales but their vague listings as scenes of women bathing do not allow any more precise identification.



Jean-Baptiste Pater, La Baigneuse, oil on panel, 16.5 x 20.5 cm. Paris, Musée du Louvre.


Jean-Baptiste Pater, Essay de Bain, oil on canvas, 34 x 42 cm.Whereabouts unknown.

Unlike its pendant, there are no other painted versions by Pater or his shop corresponding exactly to this composition. But there are at least two works which in their general format are closely aligned with Bathing. One is in the Louvre and the other was in the Levesque collection (sold March 27-28, 1914, lot 11). Both are horizontal compositions depicting a female bather seated (not standing) on the edge of the stream, and an amorous couple embracing behind her. Also, the Louvre painting, like Bathing, includes a prominent gnarled tree stump.